IMPLIKASIDESENTRALISASI FISKAL TERHADAP KEMANDIRAN, KESEJAHTERAAN DAN KEMISKINAN: SEBUAH HUBUNGAN YANG TAK SELALU SEJALAN
In the perspective o f government management, fiscal decentralization is one o f compulsory strategies for state to build harmonious relationships between government levels both vertically and horizontally. However, was fiscal decentralization really ahle to realize regional autonomy and public welfare, especially for those regions after administrative expansions? This was the corner stone of this research in Mesuji district (a result of administrative expansion) as the locus. Even though most data collected from interviews and study of regional financial profile were in numbers, this was a qualitative research that was not looking for a correlation (influence) between those numbers directly. The research results showed that ten years after administrative expansion, amount of fund transferred from national government to Mesuji district to support its economy growth was increasing annually. However, it did not yet imply positively to regional autonomy, public welfare, and poverty in this district. Regional dependency could be seen from lower fiscal capacity and high gap of regional fiscal. Regional public welfare could be seen from human development index. Regional poverty could be seen from trends of and employment improvement and numbers of poor people. Why fiscal decentralization that indeed would always imply positively to regional economy growth, distribution improvement, service quality and public welfare improvements was not yet realized in Mesuji district? By using policy implementation approach, this paper is to answer the question.